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“Hot as a Firecracker”


Photo credit: Panama Canal Commission, University of Florida Digital Collections

Conversation Details

Over the previous few days, violent exchanges between American and Panamanian students in the Panama Canal Zone had resulted in over 20 deaths and a rupture in US-Panamanian relations. President Johnson spoke with Sen. Richard B. “Dick” Russell Jr. [D–Georgia] about the American response and relayed a summary of his communications with Panamanian president Roberto Chiari. 


January 10, 1964
Oval Office

Conversation Participants